Category: Media

Know the myths and truths of gum

Know the myths and truths of gum It can cause tooth decay, but also makes the teeth cleaning

Know the myths and truths of gum It can cause tooth decay, but also makes the teeth cleaning


The idea that gum is mania of child is more than surpassed. The adults are so fans of the chewing gum as small. The fact is that the food industry has been dedicated to creating products increasingly full of requirements which fit into the demands of great people, such as sugar-free gum and gum that promises to whiten teeth, but without leaving aside the colored versions, stuffed and more varied formats for the kids. The gum was always considered the villain of the mouth to cause tooth decay and seen as a delicacy that hinders the diet. But he doesn’t bring any benefit to the regime and for the oral health? The nutritionist from MinhaVida, Roberta Stella, and the dentist Sydney Leonard Goldmann help to clarify the myths and truths related to habit.


The chewing gum are quite harmful to the diet
Myth. The chewing gum, even those containing sugar, are not very calorific and even help fool the hunger. Of course the gum with fillings should be avoided, because they are more calorie. A unit of gum stuffed presents, on average, 15 calories. Two units of this gum add 1 point in the list of diet of points (from a program using points instead of calories to guide the daily consumption of foods). While a sugar-free gum introduces 2.5 calories per unit, being needed 9 units to earn 1 point. “If the chewing gum habit for many a day, the best option is the gum without sugar not to accumulate points or calories to the diet,” says Roberta Stella.

The gum can cause stomach pain
Truth. If the gum is chewed inasmuch as several times a day and the person is there are many hours without feeding, will stimulate the production of stomach gastric juice, which contains hydrochloric acid. The substance will act directly on the wall of the stomach may cause pain. This way, you should avoid chewing many units of gum per day.

Every type of gum causes tooth decay
Myth. The sugar present in the gum is the major cause of tooth decay. Therefore, the diet versions and light can stay out of that list. However, some dyes and preservatives of composition of gum can be made from starch and carbohydrate, which will turn into sugar and are also harmful to teeth. “Choose to versions without sugar and colorless, which are the most secure,” says Goldmann. Another point is that some chewing gum, depending on its composition, may leave the pH of the mouth very acidic and cause tooth decay.

The gum can be beneficial for oral hygiene
Truth. The mechanics of chewing gum and the friction of goma with the teeth causes a surface cleaning of the teeth. How much thicker it is, the better the result. “But the gum does not replace the toothbrush and floss and neither has the power to remove the plaque or prevent the formation of it,” explains the dentist.

The gum alleviates bad breath
Truth. With superficial cleanup that the gum provides, the breath is favored since the renewal of the cells in the mouth. But it is a momentary action. And is not for everyone. Those who suffer with dental problems such as caries, periodontitis or restore damaged, can stay with the smelly accented with the use of gum. Incidentally, this is the indication that there is a problem.

Gum helps to whiten teeth
Myth. Even the versions that promise this benefit contain very low concentrations of peroxide (substance feet) to provide some bleaching. In addition, it cannot be used in high concentrations in goma for being a toxic product. “The peroxide can burn the gum. Therefore, only a dentist must handle the substance, avoiding the risks, “explains Goldmann.

The gum is indicated for certain oral treatments
Truth. In some cases, the gum is recommended with action of physiotherapy. When there is inflammation of the muscles or limited opening of the mouth (trismus muscle), the use of goma is beneficial to minimize the swelling, strengthen the musculature buccal and recover the movements of the jaw.

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Science is launched to discover the “secret” of the improvisers.

Donostia, January 2012 .- Anyone who has attended a performance of improvisers will no doubt be surprised by the ability of improvisation and quick thinking of its protagonists, experts in composing complex rhymes in just seconds. How is it possible? Do the improvisers of cognitive abilities than the rest of us? Are they yours or have innate abilities acquired through training? What goes through your head at that moment magical? How is it possible to compose a zortziko (eight-bar verse) in a few seconds? What complicated mechanisms are activated in their brains?

Some of these questions, yet unfathomable mysteries have won over science that has been attracted by the secret behind this strong tradition of Basque culture. And recent advances in cognitive neuroscience make it possible for the first time, science has decided to approach the centenary bertsos Art. The fact that one of the leading centers in the world in this discipline, the Basque Center on Cognition, Brain and Language (BCBL), has its headquarters in San Sebastian, and the enthusiastic cooperation of improvisers themselves through Herriko Euskal Elkartea improviser have led to the launch of an ambitious research project to investigate the cognitive processes that hides the bertso.

The challenge is a study of one year to try to figure out from a scientific perspective that makes them so special improvisers: Do cognitive capabilities than the rest or is that language skills have been trained to become experts in the art of rhyme?

With this working hypothesis, 18-class improvisers, including Andoni Egaña, Maialen Lujanbio, Amets Arzallus or Amuriza Look, these days are being subjected to different tests in BCBL facilities in San Sebastian, from computer to behavioral testing sessions magnetic resonance imaging. In parallel, the same study performed with groups of Basques who have not developed skills in the art of improvisation and students bertso-Eskola.

In this way, scientists can compare how it is produced in each of the groups the process of storage and retrieval of information in the brain, giving clues to whether the improvisers have developed special skills in this discipline. This can result in future development of training tools, not only for improvisers, but for anyone who wants to improve their fluency.

The margaritas, the origin of the project

The origin of this curious story in which tradition and science come together is in the month of May during the making of the documentary Asier Altuna improviser, currently in theaters. Following the passage of Andoni Egaña the facilities of the BCBL, improvisational ability of improvisers attracted wide attention from researchers of the center.

In particular, its director, Manuel Carreiro, was impressed by the ability of Egana to order the words in your brain grouped by families like the petals that make up a margarita. The scientists concluded that the improvisers are real experts in organizing the information in your brain, which is of particular interest to a scientific discipline such as cognitive neuroscience.

Neuroscientists wonder whether this ability of improvisers, very interesting to study the oral tradition as a vehicle of communication is a result of increased storage capacity in their brains or have developed a faster and more effectively when accessing that stored information. Put another way: Do you have wider roads or your car is faster?

As noted by Kepa Paz-Alonso, BCBL researcher responsible for the investigation, “the study of language production and cognitive processes that underlie expert in oral transmission may shed light on central issues and current cognitive neuroscience of language.” “Knowing the neural correlates of these processes can inform cognitive linguistic and current theories in cognitive neuroscience of language, as well as elucidate the neural mechanisms underlying language production optimized” he explains.

This scientific curiosity soon bore fruit in an agreement between BCBL and improviser Herriko Euskal Elkartea, which led to the planning and design of different tests to obtain the necessary scientific data. A few months later, the first data collection phase is underway and will be completed in the coming months. After completion of the fieldwork, the first results will be available later this year.

Behavioral tests and MRI

To this end, each of the three groups (bertsolaris, people unfamiliar with the bertsos and bertso-eskolak students) will have been three phases of testing in the facilities of the BCBL in Donostia, equipped with cutting-edge scientific equipment to study the brain human.

The first session, behavioral nature, involves the interaction of participants with a computer through a software specifically designed for the experiment. Thus, they are subjected to several tasks that require the participation of higher cognitive functions. Among others, we analyze functions such as reasoning (crystallized and fluid), the information processing speed, the ability to inhibit distracting information to focus attention on relevant information, networks attentional or task switching (related to complex reasoning semantics, phonology and the rhyme).

The second phase of tests of verbal fluency tasks analyzed by a magnetic resonance device, a next-generation scientific instrument capable of obtaining every two or three seconds dozens of 3D images that allow you to examine brain activity while it performs complex functions . The MRI provides information about both structural (anatomical) and functional (activation associated with specific tasks). Thus, analyzing the brain while you exercise it phonological, semantic and rhyme in different degrees of difficulty.

The third and final phase is already in a practical test where the participant has to rhyme bertsos directly, in a manner analogous to the improvisers make it into real action. Thus, 30 different issues arise each participant, which must rhyme using different metrics, since the Kopla Txiki bertso cell until zortziko Txiki, a discursive formula that requires more effort. On the one hand, MRI provides images of brain function during exercise, and secondly, the quality of processed bertsos be assessed by experts. Thus, you can analyze whether brain activity is different when you improvise a current and a bright bertso.

The cognitive neuroscience experts believe BCBL this research project can provide very interesting scientific material that sheds more light on the mechanisms the brain uses to perform complex functions related to language production. However, aware that science, as well as giving answers, more questions often asked are convinced that this study represents the first step in a collaboration that will continue in the future. Science seems to have hit a reef in the world of bertso.

About the BCBL

The Basque Center on Cognition, Brain and Language (BCBL) is an interdisciplinary international research center based in San Sebastian for the study of cognition, brain and language promoted by the Basque Government to promote science and research Euskadi. The center, which is among the BERC (Basque Excellence Research Center), has among its partners Ikerbasque, Innobasque, the Provincial Council of Gipuzkoa and the Basque Country University.

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MMO introduces new LEC Fotopolimerizador

With design and innovative features designed to increase the performance of applications, the LEC emerges as an indispensable equipment for any dental practice.

The Fotopolimerizadores LEC are practical and very efficient. Manufactured with certified components, are very resistant and durable. Have ’ s altaqualidade blue LED that provide unique advantages throughout the application process.




    • cold Light warms not.


  • Light more selective compared conventional lamps



  • portable, lightweight and Compact Equipment.
  • Nozzle for high efficiency and resistant to impacts.
  • Ergonomics which facilitates application.


low power consumption.

  • does not use any lamp or any type of filter
  • simple Use.
  • longer equipment life.
  • time schedule in the application.


Wireless Model. Uses rechargeable Li-ion battery, two modes of operation: adjusting time per cycle or 20 seconds with an additional optical power (+30%), led through time preview, display ramp 5 seconds, beeper emitted every 10 seconds.





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About 20% of women who choose to become mothers start to look their partner in a different way.

About 20% of women who decide to become mothers begin to look at your partner differently.

According to the study Clearblue “ideal father”, conducted among 1,500 people in Spain.

– 8 out of 10 women prefer a man with wealth, who is passionate with them (57%) and committed to their children (68%)

– Men and know that almost half acknowledges having used the measure of giving an image of “ideal father” to bind

– Most men considered to improve when it will be a father. 8 out of 10 women noted

– Men are recognized vulnerable and determined to find solutions when there are difficulties in reaching the pregnancy. The doctor’s advice and ovulation tests are the most used

Madrid, January 2012 .- Clearblue present the study “The ideal father,” which reveals the preferences and attitudes of women and men with the desire to have a child. Key findings include that almost 20% of women who decide to become mothers begin to look at your partner differently. Even 1 in 10 partner recognizes that changed because it “did not give the father’s profile.” And is that what Spanish women look for in a man’s economic position (81%), passion (57%) and commitment to their children (68%) above the physical attractiveness (19%) or become involved in housework (32%).

Men know this, this research reveals it: they know the tastes of women in general and know what qualities to look for in a man when they are thinking about becoming mothers. For this reason, almost half of men acknowledge having ever used the resource to provide an image of “ideal father” to bind.

The study Clearblue “ideal father” has been made recently by the consultant ASAP between 1,500 Spanish men and women between 20 and 50 years, in order to delve into the attitudes of women and men against future parenthood , know what they look for them when they think of the father to his children, what they are saying, and so on.

The research also reveals how most men considered to improve when he receives the news that’s going to be a father, and besides being excited (80%), recognized to be more affectionate (60%), engaged in household chores ( 51%) and buying things for the future baby (60%). 8 out of 10 women notice and nearly half have experienced these changes in your partner.

On the other hand, when it is difficult to get pregnant, women see that their partners do react, are concerned and seek solutions. Men are even more vulnerable than they believe, because 4 of 10 recognized anxious when there are difficulties getting pregnant, and decided to seek solutions through medical advice (38%) or ovulation test (25 %).

According to Dr. Victoria Verdú, Coordinator Ginefiv Gynecology and Fertility Expert in the SEGO (Spanish Society of Gynaecology and Obstetrics), “is now common to find couples who postpone the moment of becoming parents, and the greater the woman’s age, the quality of the eggs begins to decline, thus appearing to get problems. In this study we are seeing the concern – both men and women, when there are difficulties in becoming parents, we encourage couples to forward this decision. “

deodorants to be a mother changes the way of seeing the man

About 20% of women who decide to become mothers begin to look at your partner differently. Even 1 in 10 respondents acknowledged that boyfriend changed because “it had the profile of father.” The more willing to change are the Catalans: 1 in 4 partner changed because he saw that her boyfriend’s father gave the profile they expected.

In this sense, nearly half of the Spanish partner has made “a test” to see if it would be a good father. In most cases men go through significant (49%) or excellent (43%). The most likely were the Galician examination (53%) and Catalonia (51%).

“ideal portrait of the father” for Spanish women

There is a clear profile of the ideal father figure for Spanish women. For 8 out of 10 females, economic status premium on physical attractiveness. This happens mainly among women over 33 years (86% prefer). The most sensitive to economic status are Galician (90%) and Madrid (89%) and least-relatively-are Catalan (73%) and Valencia (75%).

Along with this, we seek a “good husband and father”, in that order (57% and 43% respectively). In addition, 2 of every 3 women prefer a man committed to his children, which take precedence over his involvement in household chores (32%). Also, opt for someone fun (54%) and with a conciliatory personality (56%), over a serious and dutiful (45%) or would not stay on the dole (44%).

Half of respondents (47%) consider that the description of the ideal father would agree a lot with her mother would have done. Least match the previous generations of women are Mediterranean, Catalonia and Valencia. While the women are the Andalusian whose preferences coincide more with the previous generation.

This “portrait” is present in the minds of most men. 77% are aware of the importance that women’s economic position, they also know they must put the emphasis on passion (68%), addressing the children, but at this point the men think the same extent be involved in household chores.

With this idea in his mind, almost half of men acknowledge having used the measure of trying to image of “ideal father” to bind. And women think so, 2 of every 3 females has experienced a situation in which your partner has used this strategy to conquer.

However, the reality is that when men receive the news that going to be parents, the majority considers that shows both hopeful, more loving, committed to the tasks of home and buying things for the future baby.

men and women before fertility

Men and women are concerned when it is difficult to get pregnant. They feel that their partners do react and they are eager to recognize (4 of 10) and determined to find solutions. Among the most renowned is the advice of a health professional (38%) and using an ovulation test (25%) to help meet your most fertile days for women.

For their part, women are aware that their partners react before the difficulties and agree on solutions that have arisen. In fact, 3 out of 4 women feel ovulation test that are useful for any woman who wants to be a mother. And 8 out of 10 would use if you were trying to become pregnant.
About Clearblue

Clearblue supports the desire of all those couples who wish to become parents. For this reason, since 2008 has been researching through various studies the behavior of Spanish women about pregnancy and conception.
Also collaborates with Clearblue SEGO (Spanish Society of Gynaecology and Obstetrics) in various educational activities aimed at training the Spanish women, mainly between 20 and 40 years, mostly related to ovulation, conception and pregnancy.

Clearblue : the digital era of ovulation and pregnancy tests

Is the only Clearblue Digital Ovulation test and has a 99% reliability. Studies have shown that more women who test identical to a professional lab with other ovulation tests. The test takes only 3 minutes to show that is to detect the peak of luteinizing hormone in urine.
The Clearblue Digital Pregnancy Test is the only reported if you are pregnant or not with words and also indicates how many weeks have passed since conception. They may also be a first test up to 4 days before the first offense.

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